Testing with Thinking Sphinx
Before you get caught up in the specifics of testing Thinking Sphinx using certain tools, it’s worth noting that no matter what the approach, you’ll need to turn off transactional fixtures and index your data after creating the appropriate records – otherwise you won’t get any search results.
Also: make sure you have your test environment using a different port number in
config/sphinx.yml (which you may need to create if you haven’t already). If this isn’t done, then you won’t be able to run Sphinx in your development environment and your tests at the same time (as they’ll both want to use the same port for Sphinx).
test: port: 9313
Unit Tests and Specs
It’s recommended you stub out any search calls, as Thinking Sphinx should ideally only be used in integration testing (whether that be via Cucumber or other methods).
As of version 1.3.2, Thinking Sphinx has a helper object to make combining Thinking Sphinx and Cucumber quite easy. You’ll need to add the following two lines to your
require 'cucumber/thinking_sphinx/external_world' Cucumber::ThinkingSphinx::ExternalWorld.new
Don’t forget, you also need to turn transactional fixtures off. This can be done on a global level in your
Cucumber::Rails::World.use_transactional_fixtures = false
Or, you can tag either an entire feature or single scenarios with the
@no-txn Feature: Searching for articles
The reason for this is that while ActiveRecord can run all its operations within a single transaction, Sphinx doesn’t have access to that, and so indexing will not include your transaction’s changes.
The added complication to this is that you’ll probably want to clear all the data from your database between scenarios. This can be done within the
Before block, in one of your steps files (see below). Another option is Ben Mabey’s Database Cleaner library – and make sure you use the truncation strategy.
Before do # Add your own models here instead. [Article, User].each do |model| model.delete_all end end
Once this is all set up, then Sphinx will automatically index and start the daemon when you run your features – but only once at the very beginning, not for every scenario (as that could be quite slow).
To re-index during specific scenarios, I recommend adding steps something like the following (to be called after preparing your model data, but before Webrat browses the application):
Given 'the Sphinx indexes are updated' do # Update all indexes ThinkingSphinx::Test.index sleep(0.25) # Wait for Sphinx to catch up end Given 'the Sphinx indexes for articles are updated' do # Update specific indexes ThinkingSphinx::Test.index 'article_core', 'article_delta' sleep(0.25) # Wait for Sphinx to catch up end
Delta indexes (if you’re using the default approach) will automatically update just like they do in a normal application environment.
Any suggestions to improve this workflow are very much welcome.
Rails Functional and Integration Tests
In much the same way, Thinking Sphinx can be used in traditional functional and integration tests. You’ll want to add the following lines to your test_helper.rb file:
require 'thinking_sphinx/test' ThinkingSphinx::Test.init
You can turn off transactional features on a per-test basis within the test class definition:
class SearchControllerTest self.use_transactional_fixtures = false # ... end
To actually have Sphinx running, you have a few options…
If you want it running constantly for all of your tests, you can call
start_with_autostop in your
However, you probably don’t want Sphinx running for your unit tests, and so it’s recommended you just start and stop Sphinx as required.
ThinkingSphinx::Test has methods named
stop for that very purpose:
test "Searching for Articles" do ThinkingSphinx::Test.start get :index assert [@article], assigns[:articles] ThinkingSphinx::Test.stop end
You can also wrap the code that needs Sphinx in a block called by
ThinkingSphinx::Test.run, which will start up and stop Sphinx either side of the block:
test "Searching for Articles" do ThinkingSphinx::Test.run do get :index assert [@article], assigns[:articles] end end
If you need to manually process indexes, just use the
index method, which defaults to all indexes unless you pass in specific names.
ThinkingSphinx::Test.index # all indexes ThinkingSphinx::Test.index 'article_core', 'article_delta'